Geography Quiz

Quiz on Rivers of India

River of India

Hello readers, this is the set of 20 multiple choice questions on rivers of India. Practice this “Quiz on Rivers” section again and again because these has been asks in every competitive exams repeatedly.

GK Questions on Rivers of India

Question 1
Which river in India crosses the Tropic of Cancer twice?
A
Luni River
B
Mahi River
C
Ghaggar River
D
Banas River
Question 1 Explanation: 
Mahi River is the only river in India that cuts the Tropic of Cancer twice, first in Madhya Pradesh from where it flows towards Rajasthan and enters Gujarat where it cuts for the second time.
Question 2
Chambal river flows through the states of __________
A
Maharashtra, Madhya pradesh and U.P.
B
U.P. , Madhya Pradesh and Bihar
C
U.P., Madhya Pradesh and Orissa
D
U.P., Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan
Question 2 Explanation: 
The river flows north-northeast through Madhya Pradesh, running for a time through Rajasthan, then forming the boundary between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh before turning southeast to join the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh state.
Question 3
Which river is called as the male river in India?
A
Godavari
B
Ganga
C
Brahmaputra
D
Cauvery
Question 3 Explanation: 
The Brahmaputra River has a male name whereas all other majors rivers of India have female names. According to legends, Brahmaputra is the son of Lord Brahma.
Question 4
Which of the following river originates in India and merges in India?
A
Brahmputra
B
Sindhu
C
Kosi
D
Chambal
Question 4 Explanation: 
Chambal originates from janapav hills in mhow tehsil near indore in madhya Pradesh . It’s length is 965 km and falls into Yamuna in Itawa district in Uttar Pradesh. Chambal river has 4 tributaries - kshipra, kalisindh ,banas and Parvati.
Question 5
Which of the following river is known as 'Dakshin Ganga'?
A
Godavari
B
Brahmputra
C
Cauvery
D
Mahi
Question 5 Explanation: 
Godavari is known as Dakshin Ganga because Godavari is the largest Peninsular river while Ganga is the largest river in whole India. That's why it is compared to Ganga and it is in south . South = Dakshin (In Hindi language)
Question 6
Which river in India is called the salt river?
A
Sutlej
B
Luni
C
Manas
D
Mahi
Question 6 Explanation: 
The name Luni is derived from the Sanskrit word lavanavari (“salt river”) and is so called because of its excessive salinity. The Luni river is not saline until it reaches Balotra, where high salt content in the soil impacts the river.
Question 7
________ is the place where Alaknanda and Bhagirathi join and take the name Ganga.
A
Devprayag
B
Haridwar
C
Prayagraj
D
Rishikesh
Question 7 Explanation: 
Devprayag, confluence of two rivers from where Ganges gets its name. Prayag means confluence of two or more rivers in Hindu tradition and it is considered holy to take a dip at any of these confluences. The Ganges River originates in the Himalaya Mountains at Gomukh, the terminus of the Gongotri Glacier. When the ice of this glacier melts, it forms the clear waters of the Bhagirathi River. As the Bhagirathi River flows down the Himalayas, it joins the Alaknanda River, officially forming the Ganges River.
Question 8
Ajmer is situated on which of the following rivers?
A
Luni
B
Sabarmati
C
Tapti
D
Mahi
Question 8 Explanation: 
The Luni River begins near Ajmer in the Pushkar valley of the western Aravalli Range at an elevation of about 550m. At this point, the river is also known as the Sagarmati. The river then flows in the southwest direction through the hills and plains of the Marwar region in Rajasthan.
Question 9
The origin of Indus is in___________
A
Mansarovar
B
Kailash
C
Kashmir
D
Nepal
Question 9 Explanation: 
The Indus originates in the northern slopes of the Kailash range in Tibet near Lake Manasarovar. It follows a north-westerly course through Tibet. It enters Indian territory in Jammu and Kashmir. The exact source is still not known however, it is said to be near Mansarovar/ Lake Mapam. The major tributaries of the Indus are: The Zanskar, the Chenab (which itself has four major tributaries, namely, the Jhelum, the Ravi, the Beas and the Sutlej), the Shyok, the Gilgit, the Kabul, the Gomal and the Kurram.
Question 10
Indira Sagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh is built on which of the following rivers?
A
Narmada
B
Krishna
C
Chambal
D
Ganga
Question 10 Explanation: 
Indira Sagar Dam located in Madhya Pradeh is built on Narmada river in a place named Narmada Nagar in Khandava district of Madhya Pradesh. Its foundation was kept by Mrs Indira Gandhi on 23 October 1983 but construction of main dam was started in 1992. It is a multi purposed dam.
Question 11
Luni River, which originates in the Pushkar Valley of Aravalli range ends in which among the following?
A
In the arabian sea
B
Near Mount abu
C
In the rann of kach
D
As a tributary to Sabarmati
Question 11 Explanation: 
Luni is largest river in the Thar desert in north-west India. It originates in the Pushkar valley of the Aravalli Range, near Ajmer, passes through the southeastern portion of the Thar Desert, and ends in the marshy lands of Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, after travelling a distance of 495 km.
Question 12
Which among the following rivers originates from the Amarkantak?
A
Narmada
B
Betwa
C
Mahi
D
Tapti
Question 12 Explanation: 
The Amarkantak region is a unique natural heritage area and is the meeting point of the Vindhya and the Satpura Ranges, with the Maikal Hills being the fulcrum. This is where the Narmada River, the Son River and Johila River emerge.
Question 13
Which of these rivers flows into the Arabian Sea?
A
Krishna
B
Cauveri
C
Mahanadi
D
Narmada
Question 13 Explanation: 
Narmada rises from Amarkantak Plateau near Anuppur district Madhya Pradesh. It forms the traditional boundary between North India and South India and flows westwards over a length of 1,312 km (815.2 mi) before draining through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea, 30 km (18.6 mi) west of Bharuch city of Gujarat.
Question 14
Over the water of which river did two Indian states start arguing in 1995?
A
Ganga
B
Kosi
C
Cauveri
D
Narmada
Question 14 Explanation: 
Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, both Southern Indian States, rely on the Cauvery River for their water supply. Failed monsoons in 1995 ignited old debates between the two states over water access. The dispute is still in progress as the states battle out their arguments in the Supreme Court.
Question 15
Tapti rivers is in:
A
Satpura range
B
Eastern ghat
C
Vindhyachal range
D
Western ghat
Question 16
Which one of the following river is a Peninsular River of India?
A
Ganga
B
Indus
C
Mahanadi
D
Brahmaputra
Question 16 Explanation: 
The Mahanadi is one of the major rivers of the peninsular rivers, in water potential and flood producing capacity, it ranks second to the Godavari. Other small streams between the Mahanadi and the Rushikulya draining directly into the Chilka Lake also forms the part of the basin. The Peninsular Rivers: The peninsular rivers are the rivers that originate from the peninsular plateaus and small hills of India. ... Some of the famous peninsular rivers include Kaveri, Narmada, Tapi, Krishna, Mahanadi and Godavari.
Question 17
The Nagarjunasagar dam is constructed on the river:
A
Krishna
B
Chambal
C
Kosi
D
Ganga
Question 17 Explanation: 
World's largest masonry dam protected with 26 gates measuring 14m in height and 13m in width, Nagarjunasagar Dam located in Nalgonda District is built across River Krishna. The dam has a storage capacity of nearly 11,472 million cubic meters with an irrigation capacity for 10 acres of land.
Question 18
On which river Hirakud dam is situated?
A
Narmada
B
Cauvery
C
Krishna
D
Mahanadi
Question 18 Explanation: 
Hirakud is the longest earthen Dam in the world and stands across the mighty river, Mahanadi, in the Sambalpur region of Odisha. It was the first major multipurpose river valley project after India's Independence in 1947.
Question 19
Which indian state is known a land of five rivers?
A
Punjab
B
Uttar Pradesh
C
Gujrat
D
Madhya Pradesh
Question 19 Explanation: 
Punjab means “land of five rivers,” stemming from the Persian words 'panj,' meaning 'five,' and 'aab,' meaning 'water. ' The five rivers — Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, Sutlej — are now divided between India and Pakistan.
Question 20
Which one of the following river flows into the Arabian sea?
A
Cauveri
B
Narmada
C
Godavari
D
Ganga
Question 20 Explanation: 
Narmada rises from Amarkantak Plateau near Anuppur district Madhya Pradesh. It forms the traditional boundary between North India and South India and flows westwards over a length of 1,312 km (815.2 mi) before draining through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea
There are 20 questions to complete.

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